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Tundra Plants

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  • Full Sun = Full sun   Full Sun = Part sun    Full Sun = Full shade
  • Soil
  • Clay - Sand = tolerant to variety of soils
    Loam = mixture of clay and sand
  • Size
  • Width x height in metres (mouseover to switch to feet)
  • Rating
  • Between 1-10, 10 = Highly recommended to plant
    1 = Not recommended to plant

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    Betula papyrifera               -               Cornus alternifolia

    Common Name Latin Name Light Soil  
    Rating
    White Birch Betula papyrifera Full Sun Sand  
    4
    White Birch Betula papyrifera Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor White Birch Betula papyrifera Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Also called paper or canoe birch
  • Relatively short lifespan
  • Bark is is thin, smooth and reddish brown on young trunks becoming white with age
  • Birch bark beatle is fatal
  • easily killed by fire, but will develop sprouts around base
  • Produces heavy, hard and strong wood
  • White Birch Betula papyrifera Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor White Birch Betula papyrifera Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Blue Beech Carpinus caroliniana Full Shade Sand - Clay  
    8
    Blue Beech Carpinus caroliniana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Blue Beech Carpinus caroliniana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Also called American Hornbeam, Ironwood, and Musclewood
  • Produces hard, tough wood
  • Actually a member of the birch family, and was wrongly identified as part of the beech family
  • Blue Beech Carpinus caroliniana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Blue Beech Carpinus caroliniana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Bitternut Hickory Carya cordiformis Full SunFull Shade Sand - Loam  
    9
    Bitternut Hickory Carya cordiformis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Bitternut Hickory Carya cordiformis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Prefers drier soils
  • Smooth bark with shallow fissures
  • Bark does not peel off like other hickories
  • Wood is heavy, hard, and almost as strong as the other hickories
  • Produces small, bitter nuts eaten by wildlife
  • Best type of tree for producing the smoke required to give meat a 'smoked hickory' flavour
  • Bitternut Hickory Carya cordiformis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Bitternut Hickory Carya cordiformis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Pignut Hickory Carya glabra Full Sun Sand - Loam  
    9
    Pignut Hickory Carya glabra Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Pignut Hickory Carya glabra Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Prefers drier soils
  • Bark is thin and shallowly fissured
  • Produces small, inedible nuts eaten by wildlife
  • Pignut Hickory Carya glabra Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Pignut Hickory Carya glabra Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Big Shellbark Hickory Carya laciniosa Full Sun Sand - Loam  
    9
    Big Shellbark Hickory Carya laciniosa Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Big Shellbark Hickory Carya laciniosa Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Prefers moist, well-drained, loamy soils
  • Characteristic shaggy bark
  • The edible nut is largest of the hickories
  • Like other hickories, this tree can take up to 200 years to reach maturity
  • Big Shellbark Hickory Carya laciniosa Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Big Shellbark Hickory Carya laciniosa Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata Full Sun Sand - Loam  
    9
    Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Prefers drier soils
  • Characteristic shaggy bark
  • Produces small, sweet nuts
  • Wood is heavy, hard. strong and resistant to decay
  • Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Chestnut Castanea dentata Full SunFull Shade Sand - Loam  
    2
    Chestnut Castanea dentata Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Chestnut Castanea dentata Cranmer Earth Design Planti Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Also known as American Chestnut
  • Chestnut blight (Cryphonectria parasitica) is fatal and can be seen in pictures when moused-over
  • Surviving chestnut trees are being bred for resistance by the American Chestnut Foundation and Canadian Chestnut Council with the aim to reintroduce a blight-tolerant variety back to its original range
  • Roots often survive and sprout suckers which sometimes live long enough to produce nuts before being re-innoculated with the fungus
  • Spiny seedpods contain nuts (seen in the bottom left photo) consumed by many animal species including deer, turkeys, black bears and the extinct passenger pigeon
  • Chestnuts produced are edible raw but are typically preferred roasted
  • Chestnut Castanea dentata Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Chestnut Castanea dentata Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Hackberry Celtis occidentalis Full SunFull Shade Sand - Loam  
    5
    Celtis occidentalis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Celtis occidentalis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Used as street tree
  • Produces soft wood which rots easily
  • Will grow in clay loam
  • Produces small berries eaten by wildlife
  • Celtis occidentalis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Celtis occidentalis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Redbud Cercis canadensis Full SunFull Shade Clay - Loam  
    7
    Cercis occidentalis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Cercis occidentalis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Arguable if it is actually native to Southern Ontario
  • Small pink flowers on branches 2-4 years old in spring
  • Prune to remove forks with branches of equal size, as wood is weak
  • Cercis occidentalis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Cercis occidentalis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Alternate-leaved Dogwood Cornus alternifolia Part SunFull Shade Sand - Loam  
    10
    Cornus alternifolia Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Cornus alternifolia Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Fairly tolerant of shade
  • Small, white flowers form clusters found in spring
  • Wood is hard & heavy
  • Cornus alternifolia Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Cornus alternifolia Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Betula papyrifera               -               Cornus alternifolia

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