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Tundra Plants

  • Light
  • Full Sun = Full sun   Full Sun = Part sun    Full Sun = Full shade
  • Soil
  • Clay - Sand = tolerant to variety of soils
    Loam = mixture of clay and sand
  • Size
  • Width x height in metres (mouseover to switch to feet)
  • Rating
  • Between 1-10, 10 = Highly recommended to plant
    1 = Not recommended to plant

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    Sassafras albidum               -               Zanthoxylem americanum

    Common Name Latin Name Light Soil  
    Rating
    Sassafras Sassafras albidum Full SunFull Shade Loam - Sand  
    9
    Sassafras Tree Sassafras albidum Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Sassafras Tree Sassafras albidum Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Roots supply oil used in tea, soap and to flavour rootbeer
  • Spicy fragrance is derived from leaves and twigs when they are crushed or broken
  • Suckers may be produced at base
  • Fast-growing
  • Wood is light, soft and weak
  • Sassafras Tree Sassafras albidum Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Sassafras Tree Sassafras albidum Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    American Mountain Ash Sorbus americana Full SunFull Shade Clay - Sand  
    5
    American Mountain Ash Sorbus americana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor American Mountain Ash Sorbus americana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Prefers moist soils
  • Many species of overwintering birds eat bright orange fruit when other sources become scarce
  • Berries can be used to make jelly
  • Remove all trunks but one to maintain 'tree' structure
  • Wood is light, soft & weak
  • American Mountain Ash Sorbus americana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor American Mountain Ash Sorbus americana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Showy Mountain Ash Sorbus decora Full SunFull Shade Clay - Sand  
    6
    Showy Mountain Ash Sorbus decora Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Showy Mountain Ash Sorbus decora Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Many species of overwintering birds eat scarlet red fruit when other sources become scarce
  • Remove all trunks but one to maintain 'tree' structure
  • Wood is light, soft & weak
  • Questionable if it is truly native to Southernwestern Ontario
  • Showy Mountain Ash Sorbus decora Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Showy Mountain Ash Sorbus decora Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Eastern White Cedar Thuja occidentalis Full SunFull Shade Clay - Sand  
    8
    Eastern White Cedar Thuja occidentalis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Eastern White Cedar Thuja occidentalis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Used as windbreak or hedge
  • Species contains oldest living tree (1600+ years) in Ontario along the Niagara Escarpment
  • Can grow up to 35m in height
  • Eastern White Cedar Thuja occidentalis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Eastern White Cedar Thuja occidentalis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    American Basswood Tilia americana Full SunFull Shade Sand - Clay  
    8
    American Basswood Tilia americana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor American Basswood Tilia americana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Also called Lime, Linden or Whitewood tree
  • Frequently has two or more trunks
  • Used as shade and street tree
  • Flowers attract honeybees
  • Produces soft, light wood commonly used for carving
  • American Basswood Tilia americana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor American Basswood Tilia americana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Eastern Hemlock Tsuga canadensis Full SunFull Shade Loam - Sand  
    7
    Eastern Hemlock Tsuga canadensis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Eastern Hemlock Tsuga canadensis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Large coniferous tree
  • Hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae) is a sap-sucking insect which can cause fatal damage
  • Wood is light, hard and low in strength
  • Eastern Hemlock  Tsuga canadensis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Eastern Hemlock Tsuga canadensis Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    White Elm Ulmus americana Full SunFull Shade Clay - Sand  
    2
    White Elm  Ulmus americana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor White Elm  Ulmus americana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Also known as American Elm
  • Elm bark beetles vector Dutch elm disease (Ophiostoma novo-ulmi) which is fatal
  • Tree creates a v-like structure
  • Research on resistance can be found here
  • Shade and street tree
  • White Elm  Ulmus americana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor White Elm  Ulmus americana Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra Full SunFull Shade Clay - Sand  
    2
    Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Also known as Red Elm
  • Elm bark beetles vector Dutch elm disease (Ophiostoma novo-ulmi) which is fatal
  • Tree creates a v-like structure with some branches spreading
  • Shallow and widespreading root system
  • Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Rock Elm Ulmus thomasil Full SunFull Shade Clay - Sand  
    2
    Rock Elm Ulmus thomasil Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Rock Elm Ulmus thomasil Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Also known as Cork Elm
  • Elm bark beetles vector Dutch elm disease (Ophiostoma novo-ulmi) which is fatal
  • Produces cork bark on smaller branches as seen in the bottom left picture
  • Root system is often deep and widespreading
  • Rock Elm Ulmus thomasil Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Rock Elm Ulmus thomasil Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Sweet Viburnum SHRUB Viburnum lentago Full SunFull Shade Clay - Loam  
    7
    Sweet Viburnum Viburnum lentago Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Sweet Viburnum Viburnum lentago Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Also known as Nannyberry and Sheep berry
  • Often forms a 'shrub' appearance extra trunks are not pruned to leave a single stem
  • Produces small, creamy-white flowers
  • Spreads by sprouting from the roots
  • Wood is hard & heavy
  • Sweet Viburnum Viburnum lentago Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Sweet Viburnum Viburnum lentago Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Prickly Ash Zanthoxylem americanum Full Shade Clay  
    7
    Prickly Ash Zanthoxylem americanum Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Prickly Ash Zanthoxylem americanum Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor
  • Larval food source for swallowtail butterflies
  • Branches contain thorns
  • Member of the citrus family (Rutaceae)
  • Native Canadians chewed the bark for toothache relief
  • Prickly Ash Zanthoxylem americanum Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor Prickly Ash Zanthoxylem americanum Cranmer Earth Design Planting Plant Native Trees of Ontario Canada Tree for full part sun shade wet dry clay sand soil small flower blossom identification identify id fast growing grow feet top ten shallow tap root indigenous list demensions seed pod tolerant choices type climate Aurora Belleville Bowmanville Bracebridge  Brampton Brantford Burlington Cambridge Chatham Flamborough Fort Erie Forest Grandbend Georgetown Guelph Hamilton Hamilton Ingersoll Kitchener Leamington London Markham Milton Mississauga North York Oakville, Orangeville, Pelee Island Point Pelee Point Edward Richmond Hill Ridgetown Sarnia Simcoe St Thomas Toronto Stratford Wallaceburg Waterloo Windsor

    Sassafras albidum               -               Zanthoxylem americanum

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